Kohinoor, also known as ‘Mountain of Light’, is one of the most popular diamonds in the world. The Kohinoor was a large colourless diamond found in the mines of Golconda region of Andhra Pradesh during the reign of Kakatiya dynasty. The following 25 facts can tell you the story about the Kohinoor diamond, how many hands it passed, how many claimed its own, and now ultimately where is it preserved.
1. The diamond weighed 793 carats in its original form. As it passed hands, it was cut several times and now it weighs 105 carats.
2. Once the largest diamond in the world, now weighs 21.6 grams with its most recent cut state.
3. Kohinoor first reported in 1304 that it belonged to Mahlak Deo, the Kind of Malwa.
4. It was then reported to have originated in the Babur Nama, the memories of the Mughal emperor Babur. According to the records of Babur Nama, King Bikramajit of Gwalior had sent all his jewels to the fort of Agra in order to safeguard it during the Battle of Panipat in 1526. But, Babur invaded the fort and acquired the diamond weighing 186 carats. It is believed that it was given to him in order to please him.
5. According to researchers, the Kohinoor diamond passed the hands of many rulers for over a period of two centuries, until it was inherited by Mohammed Shah, the corrupt Mughal Emperor.
6. During the reign of Mohammed Shah, when the Mughal dynasty was losing its power, a powerful King of Persia, Nadir Shah, became the most powerful force in the world and aimed at conquering beyond his country’s boundaries.
7. Nadir Shah, after he came to know about how weak the throne of Delhi was, he decided to conquer the region of Delhi. After he acquired the Delhi region, he got an opportunity to seize all the jewels including the Kohinoor diamond.
8. First time when Nadir Shah saw the Kohinoor diamond, he made a statement saying, ‘Kohinoor’, ‘in the Persian language means ‘Mountain of Light’. This is how the popular Kohinoor diamond got its name ‘Mountain of Light’. After Nadir Shah acquired Kohinoor diamond, the diamond went to Persia.
9. In 1747, when Nadir Shah was murdered by his own people, while he was sleeping, the diamond was then inherited by his grandson Shah Rukh Mirza.
10. As Shah Rukh Mirza faced several problems, one of his loyal supporters Ahmad Abadali always helped him. As a token of appreciation, Shah Rukh Mirza gifted Kohinoor diamond to Ahmad Abadali.
11. Then Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Lion of Punjab came to know that the Kohinoor diamond was with Ahmad Abadali. He tried his best to get the diamond from him and he successfully acquired it in 1813.
12. Maharaja Ranjit, who was very proud about his ownership of the Kohinoor, he mounted it in an armlet between two smaller diamonds.
13. After Maharaja Ranjit, Duleep Singh became the new Maharaja. In 1849, the British defeated Maharaja and the Punjab came under the British rule. This is when the Kohinoor was handed over to the Queen of England.
14. On July 3, 1850, Kohinoor diamond was presented to Queen Victoria at Buckingham Palace. The Queen employed Voorzanger, one of the reputed diamond cutters of the Dutch firm Coaster. He travelled to London for this work. After the cutting, there was a 43 percent reduction from its original weight. The end result was a beautiful oval shaped that weighed 108.93 carats.
15. On April 1, 1853, the Kohinoor was mounted in a radiant Tiara that contained 2000 diamonds. The Tiara was worn by the Queen Victoria for 5 years.
16. After that, the British Public was invited to see the Kohinoor diamond. This was done through a Great Exhibition of 1851 at Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, London.
17. In 1902, Queen Victoria set Kohinoor diamond in the Imperial crown for her daughter in law Queen Alexandra, on the occasion of a coronation.
18. Again in 1911, the diamond was set for Queen Mary’s coronation in an ornament called the Queen Mars’s Crown.
19. In 1937, the diamond was placed in the coronation crown that was designed for the Queen Elizabeth.
20. As of now, the total weight of Kohinoor is recognized to be 105.60 carats.
21. After the Indian Independence, Government of India requested the Queen to return the diamond. The England Government denied this request.
22. In 1953, once again India demanded the return of Kohinoor diamond. It was declined again.
23. In 1976, Prime Minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto demanded the ownership of Kohinoor. However, the British Government declined this request as well.
24. Even today, the Great Britain endorses its ownership of the diamond.
25. Kohinoor is displayed as a mark of British National Heritage and has been preserved in the Jewel House in the Tower of London.
Conclusion: This is how the Kohinoor diamond, which was found in the mines of Golconda in Andhra Pradesh, passed several hands, and is now under the ownership of who were once the most powerful force of the world.