Located in the state of Jammu & Kashmir, the Kashmir Valley is crafted with natural beauty, rich culture, and unique diversity. This valley is a famous attraction for the tourists who wish to explore nature and culture. The Kashmir Valley offers its visitors such an extraordinary experience that they remember for ages and beyond. But, there are some facts that are usually not known to many people.
Here are some of the interesting facts about Kashmir Valley:
1. The Mythical Origin
The Nilmata Purana says that this current valley was formerly a lake. Kashyap Rishi drained off all the water of the lake. Thus, this beautiful landscape emerged. Kashmir stands as a synonym for the desiccated land. This valley gained its name from this mythical incident and the particularly mentioned mythical term.
2. The Paradise of the Earth
The overwhelming and fascinating natural beauty will literally compel you to admit that Kashmir Valley is indeed the paradise on earth. Mesmerized by the beauty of this place, the Mughal emperor Jahangir named the place as The Paradise of the Earth.
3. Rich in Religious History
Kashmir Valley has a rich religious history. Srinagar is the first capital of this place. It was established by the Buddhist emperor Ashoka. Then the area started to serve as a prominent center of Buddhism. Hinduism was introduced in this area in the 9th century AD. Thereafter, this place allowed these two religions to flourish side by side. This area was invaded in the 14th century by the Mongol ruler, Dulucha. Thus, Islam was introduced and it ended long run of ruling by Hinduism and Buddhism.
4. Disputed Status
Kashmir Valley has a thrilling political past. India and Pakistan were involved in three wars (1947, 1965 & 1999) with a common aim to establish their control and power in this region. Due to its geographical location, this place is a center of high political conflicts even till now. Presently, this area is administered by three different nations namely India, Pakistan, and China.
5. Distinct Flag
Although controlled by 3 different countries, Jammu and Kashmir has been granted to have its own national flag according to Article 370 of the Indian constitution. The flag is deep red in its color. This color represents labor. The flag has a symbol of plough that represents agriculture. The three tall stripes of the flag represent Jammu, the Kashmir Valley, and Ladakh — the three diverse regions of the area.
6. Two Capitals
Another interesting fact about the Kashmir Valley is that it has two capitals, one each for two different seasons — summer and winter. Srinagar is the capital for the season of summer and Kashmir is the capital in the season of winter. So, there is diversity not only in the natural beauty and culture but also in the case of determining the capital of the state.
7. High Literacy Rate
Kashmir Valley has a literacy rate that is much higher than that of India and Pakistan. It is a hilariously ridiculous fact that these two powerful nations (battling for the full control over Kashmir Valley) are left behind by the Kashmir Valley in the literacy rate scenario.
8. Duality in Citizenship
The residents of the Kashmiri region controlled by India hold dual citizenship identity — one as an Indian and the other one as a Kashmiri. Moreover, if a Pakistani citizen marries a Kashmiri girl then he can gain the citizenship of India. It is indeed amazing!
9. Highest Rail Bridge, Immense Resource of Power, and Splendid Cultivation
The Kashmir Valley will be the place where the world’s highest rail bridge will be situated once the Chenab Bridge (359m high) is completed. The Kashmir Valley has immense natural resources in store. The water resources of this region can produce power measuring in thousands of megawatts. It is also the only place in India that is suitable for the cultivation of costly Saffron and Walnuts.
10. Attractive and Famous Tourist Spots
The Kashmir Valley is mainly famous for beautiful and attractive tourist spots. There are lakes like Dal lake, Wular lake, Gadsar lake, Satsar lake, Vishansar lake etc. Then there are a number of Mughal gardens like Shalimar bagh, Nishat bagh, Chashme Shahi etc. It also has a number of hill stations like Pahalgam, Gulmarg, Sonmarg. Kashmir Valley is also famous because it is the place where the major Hindu shrine named Amarnath Temple is located.
A trip to the Asian sub-continent will not be complete if you don’t pay a visit to the Switzerland of Asia. This place, otherwise named as Nature’s Show-Window, has buckets full of beauty, pleasure, and happiness for each and every one.