1.) Mahatma Gandhi:
Mahatma Gandhi is popularly known as “Father of the Nation”. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi who was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi who worked as the Diwan and his mother Kasturba Putlibai was a home maker. He married Kasturba at the age of 13. He studied law in London and later on moved to South Africa for work. He returned to India in 1915 and changed the pace of ongoing National Movement in India by using his weapons “Truth and Non-Violence”. He was assassinated on January 30, 1948 by Nathuram Godse. Till his last breath he led very simple life by following his principles religiously.
2) Jawaharlal Nehru:
Jawaharlal Nehru, first Prime Minister of India is popularly known as “Chacha Nehru”. He was born on November 14, 1889 in a Kashmiri Pandit family and his birthday is being celebrated as children’s day even today. His father name was Motilal Nehru who himself a Barrister and freedom fighter and his mother was Swarupa Rani. He studied law in Cambridge University. He was married to Kamala whose only daughter is Indira Gandhi, first female Prime Minister of India. Even though he came from riches he never missed the nerve of common people and famously called by Indians as “The Architect of Modern India”. He died in New Delhi in 1964 due to ill health.
3) Sardar Vallababhai Patel:
Sardar Vallababhai Patel is the first Home minister of India who was popularly known as “Iron Man of India”. He was born on October 31, 1875 in Gujarat. His father was Jhaverbhai Patel and mother was Labda. He was a prominent lawyer in India. Even though he took part in National movement of India he became need of hour after independence. His policies in unifying 552 princely states of India are often compared with Bismark’s Blood and Iron policy in unifying Germany. His birthday is now being celebrated as Unity day or Ekta diwas.
3) Netaji Subash Chandra Bose:
Subash Chandra Bose is popularly known as Netaji. He was born on January 23, 1897. He was born in Odisha to Janakinath bose and Prabhavati Devi. He was selected to Indian Civil Services but later resigned and returned to India. He joined in Indian National congress but later fell apart from it due to ideological differences with Gandhi. He is famous for his quote, “Give me blood, I will give you freedom”. He died in 1945 in a plane crash during World War-II in which he supported Germany to fight against the British.
4) Durgabhai Deshmukh:
Durgabhai Deshmukh was born in Rajahmundry in Andhra Pradesh on 15 July, 1909. At the age of 12 years she participated in Non cooperation movement Satyagraha in Kakinada. She founded a unique women organisation, Andhra Mahila Sabha- which is the foremost women’s organisation in India. She was strived her whole life to promote literacy among women for which she received Nehru literary award. She died in 1981.
5) Bal Gangadhar Tilak:
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was popularly known as “Father of the Indian Unrest”. He was born on July 23, 1856 in Maharashtra. His parents were Shri Gangadhar Tilak and Parvatibai Gangadhar. He was a teacher, lawyer, writer and social reformer. His slogan “Swaraj is my birth right”, inspired millions of people. He wrote Geetarahasya, a treatise on Geetha in Marathi. He was kept in Mandalay jail in Burma for several years. He started home rule in India and he was the one to compromise Extremists and Moderates. He died in 1920.
6) Sarojini Naidu:
Sarojini Naidu is popularly known as “The Nightingale of India”. She was the first women to become president of Indian National Congress and first women Governor in India. She was born on 13 February, 1879 in Hyderabad. Her parents were Barada Sundari Devi and Aghornath Chatopadhyay. She studied in Cambridge and later returned to India to take part in national movement. She wrote books like The Golden Threshold, The Broken wings and many.
7) Gopal Krishna Gokhale:
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was poplar leader during the initial stages of Indian freedom struggle. He was considered as Political Guru by Mahatma Gandhi. He was born on 9 May, 1866 in Bombay. His parents were Valubhai Gokhale and Krishna Rao Gokhale. He, along with Ranade established “Servants of India Society” in 1905. He played important role in the formation of Minto Morley reforms in 1909. He later died in 1921.
8) Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu:
Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu was popularly known as “Andhra Kesari”. He served as Chief Minister of Madras State and first chief minister of Andhra state in 1953. He was born on 23 August, 1872 in Andhra Pradesh. His father Gopala Krishnayya was village headman. He was a famous lawyer who argued cases in British Privy Council.
9) Annie Besant:
Annie Besant was the first woman President of Indian National Congress. She was an British activist who helped for the formation of Home rule league. She was also Women Right activist. She struggled so much during world war –I for the freedom of India till her death in 1933.
10) Bhagat singh
Bhagat Singh was one of the famous revolutionary activists. He was born on 27 September, 1907 in a Sikh family in Punjab. His parents were Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati. He joined Non cooperation movement but later became violent because of Chauri Chaura incident. He tried to kill General Scott who was responsible for the death of Lala Lajpat Rai but killed Saunders. He was sentenced to death on 23 March, 1931.